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Sunday, May 01, 2011

greek article & scenairos

In Deut 14:7 LXX we see an illustration of the principle presented in the last post: scenarios & ambiguity in Titus 2:13.

Deut. 14:7 καὶ ταῦτα οὐ φάγεσθε ἀπὸ τῶν ἀναγόντων μηρυκισμὸν καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν διχηλούντων τὰς ὁπλὰς καὶ ὀνυχιζόντων ὀνυχιστῆρας τὸν κάμηλον καὶ δασύποδα καὶ χοιρογρύλλιον ὅτι ἀνάγουσιν μηρυκισμὸν καὶ ὁπλὴν οὐ διχηλοῦσιν ἀκάθαρτα ταῦτα ὑμῖν ἐστιν

Deut. 14:7 Yet of those that chew the cud or have the hoof cloven you shall not eat these: the camel, the hare, and the rock badger [rabbit lxx LEH], because they chew the cud but do not part the hoof, are unclean for you. RSV

Deut. 14:7 And these you shall not eat of those that regurgitate the cud and of those dividing the hoofs and making distinct claws: the camel and hare and coney, because these regurgitate the cud but do not divide the hoof; these are unclean for you.  NETS  tr. Melvin K. H. Peters 

Here we see an example of a single article τὸν joining three nouns that make up a list of unclean animals: τὸν κάμηλον καὶ δασύποδα καὶ χοιρογρύλλιον. The nouns are not coreferential (three different types of animals) but they all belong the same scenario of unclean animals ἀκάθαρτα ταῦτα ὑμῖν ἐστιν “these are unclean for you”.  

Note that the RSV “the camel, the hare, and the rock badger” follows the MT which has an article with each noun:

את־הגמל ואת־הארנבת ואת־השפן



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